What is a Needle Valve ?
A Needle Valve is a type of valve having a small port and a threaded, needle-shaped plunger. It allows precise regulation of flow, although it is generally only capable of relatively low flow rates.
Needle valves have a slender, tapered point at the end of the valve stem that is lowered through the seat to restrict or block flow. Fluid flowing through the valve turns 90 degrees and passes through an orifice that is the seat for a rod with a cone shaped tip. These small valves are widely used to accurately regulate the flow of liquids and gases at low flow rates. The fine threading of the stem and the large seat area allow for precise resistance to flow. Needle valves are used to control flow into delicate gauges, which might be damaged by sudden surges of fluid under pressure.
Needle valves are also used in situations where the flow must be gradually brought to a halt and at other points where precise adjustments of flow are necessary or where a small flow rate is desired. They can be used as both on/off valves and for throttling service.
Types of Needle Valve
Needle valves are used in almost every industry in an incredibly wide range of applications - anywhere control or metering of steam, air, gas, oil, water or other non-viscous liquids is required.
Gas and Liquid Dispensation
Needle Valves should be avoided in applications where the media is viscous, or in the dispensation of slurries. The small flow orifice can easily trap thick materials or solids and become blocked.